Common Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders are irregularities that make it hard for individuals to sleep at night or stay awake during the day. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, these conditions can impact a person's health and quality of life.
Loud snoring, combined with extreme daytime sleepiness, may be a sign of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea occurs when breathing becomes blocked during sleep, and if left untreated, can trigger high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, and other serious health issues. It is estimated that between 4 and 25 percent of men and 2 to 9 percent of women have sleep apnea.
People with narcolepsy find it impossible to stay awake and fall asleep at inappropriate times, such as while eating or working.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome is characterized by repetitive leg muscle jerks or twitches, which cause hundreds of awakenings each night. Individuals with this disease, often middle-aged and older people, experience daytime sleepiness and fatigue.
People with insomnia have trouble falling asleep, awaken often during the night or wake up early and can’t get back to sleep. Insomnia can be the result of stress, anxiety, depression, night-shift work, jet lag, or chronic medical conditions like heart disease and diabetes.